He came to prominence as a jazz musician, working with Miles Davis between 1971 and 1975. Mtume’s R&B group, also called Mtume, is best known for the 1983 R&B hit song “Juicy Fruit“, which has been repeatedly sampled. Mtume the band also had a top-five R&B hit with the single “You, Me, and He”.
Early life and career
Mtume grew up in a musical environment with jazz musicians frequenting his parents’ house. He learned to play piano and percussion; however, from his teenage years he was pursuing athletics as a swimmer, having achieved the title of the first black Middle Atlantic AAU champion in the backstroke, and in 1966 he entered Pasadena City College on a swimming scholarship.
In 1966, Mtume joined the US Organization, a Black empowerment group founded by Hakim Jamal and Maulana Karenga, while a student at Pasadena City College. Mtume received his name, which means “messenger” in Swahili, from Karenga who gave members of the organization names to match their personality traits. He was part of that group that celebrated the first Kwanzaa in 1966. In 1967 he co-edited The Quotable Karenga with Clyde Halisi, which has been called “the best expression of Karenga’s ideas”. Mtume left the US Organisation in 1969.
Mtume made two albums, Kawaida and Alekebulan: Land of the Blacks, intended to merge jazz and cultural identity. Kawaida, which was recorded in December 1969, was Mtume’s professional debut. He contributed four out of five compositions and was credited with naming the album which means “norm” in Swahili and represented the practice and philosophy of pan-African identity. Performers on the album included Don Cherry, Herbie Hancock, Biily Bonner and his uncle Albert Heath.
After his return from the West Coast he moved to New York and had his first gigs as a sideman for McCoy Tyner (Asante album), Freddie Hubbard and Miles Davis, whose group he wound up joining and playing in for the next few years.
He and Mtume band member, fellow musician Reggie Lucas both won the Grammy Award for Best R&B Song for writing and producing fellow R&B artist Stephanie Mills‘ top-ten hit “Never Knew Love Like This Before“, for which she also won a Grammy for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance.
He also worked as a session musician with Players Association, and did on-air radio personality work at New York City‘s KISS 98.7 FM. As a songwriter, Mtume wrote hits for various artists such as Phyllis Hyman, Roberta Flack, Donny Hathaway, Stephanie Mills, R. Kelly, Mary J. Blige, Teddy Pendergrass, Inner City, as well as being lead songwriter for his own band Mtume.
In July 2018, Mtume filed a lawsuit against Sony Music/Epic Records, hoping to reclaim the rights for two albums and his hit single “Juicy Fruit”. Mtume claimed to hold the sole copyright of these recordings, while Sony insisted that the albums were made for hire.
Personal life and death
- Alkebu-Lan: Land of The Blacks (Strata-East, 1972) – with Mtume Umoja Ensemble (Carlos Garnett – Tenor & Flute, Leroy Jenkins – Violin, Gary Bartz- Alto and Soprano Sax, Stanley Cowell – Piano, Buster Williams – Bass, Billy Hart – Drums, and Joe Lee Wilson, Eddie Micheaux, and Andy Bey – Vocals. Yusef Iman and Weusi Kuumba – Poets.
- Rebirth Cycle (Third Street, 1977) – with Jean Carn, Stanley Cowell, Dee Dee Bridgewater, Jimmy Heath, Cecil McBee, Leroy Jenkins, and Azar Lawrence.
- Kiss This World Goodbye (Epic, 1978) – with Mtume
- In Search of the Rainbow Seekers (Epic, 1980) – with Mtume
- Juicy Fruit (Epic, 1983) – with Mtume
- You, Me and He (Epic, 1984) – with Mtume
- Theater of the Mind (Epic, 1986) – with Mtume
With Gato Barbieri
With Miles Davis
- On the Corner (Columbia, 1972)
- In Concert: Live at Philharmonic Hall (Columbia, 1973)
- Big Fun (Columbia, 1974)
- Get Up with It (Columbia, 1974)
- Dark Magus (Columbia, 1974)
- Agharta (Columbia, 1975)
- Pangaea (Columbia, 1975)
- The Complete On the Corner Sessions (Columbia, 2007)
- Miles Davis at Newport 1955-1975: The Bootleg Series Vol. 4 (Columbia Legacy, 2015)
With Art Farmer
- Homecoming (Mainstream, 1971)
With Carlos Garnett
- Black Love (Muse, 1974)
With Jimmy Heath
With Eddie Henderson
with Harold Land
- A New Shade of Blue (Mainstream, 1971)
With Azar Lawrence
- Bridge into the New Age (Prestige, 1974)
With Lonnie Liston Smith
- Astral Traveling (Flying Dutchman, 1973)
With James Spaulding
- James Spaulding Plays the Legacy of Duke Ellington (Storyville, 1977)
With McCoy Tyner
With Buddy Terry
- “Interview: Mtume on Miles Davis, Juicy Fruit and Donny Hathaway’s Last Recording Session”. Red Bull Music Academy Daily. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
- Brown, Scot (2003). Fighting for US: Maulana Karenga, the US Organization, and Black Cultural Nationalism. NYU Press. p. 59. ISBN 9780814798782.
- Joseph, Peniel E. (2013). The Black Power Movement: Rethinking the Civil Rights-Black Power Era. Routledge. p. 341. ISBN 978-1136773471.
- Widener, Daniel (2009). Black Arts West: Culture and Struggle in Postwar Los Angeles. Duke University Press. p. 216. ISBN 978-0822392620.
- Widener, Daniel (January 1, 2009). Black Arts West: Culture and Struggle in Postwar Los Angeles. Duke University Press. ISBN 978-0822392620.
- Widener, Daniel (2009). Black Arts West: Culture and Struggle in Postwar Los Angeles. Duke University Press. p. 210. ISBN 978-0822392620.
- “Interview: Mtume on Miles Davis, Juicy Fruit and Donny Hathaway’s Last Recording Session”. Red Bull Music Academy daily.
- Stutz, Colin (July 6, 2018). “James Mtume Sues Sony Music to Regain Rights to ‘Juicy Fruit’ & More Music”. Billboard.
- Neal, Mark Anthony (February 4, 2014). Songs in the Key of Black Life: A Rhythm and Blues Nation. Routledge. ISBN 9781135206802.
- “R&B Legend James Mtume Passes Away at 76”. Black America Web. January 9, 2022. Retrieved January 9, 2022.
- Lutz, Nancy D. (January 10, 2022). “Did James Mtume Passed Away? What was the cause of death?”. DailyNewsHelp. Retrieved January 10, 2022.