Grand Ballroom, Westin Hotel, Convention Square, Lower Long Street, Cape Town, South Africa


Collins Khumalo, CEO, AA of South Africa
Saul Billingsley, Executive Director, FIA Foundation
David Ward, Secretary General, Global NCAP

Alejandro Furas, Technical Director, Global NCAP



RSVP: Layton.Beard@AASA.CO.ZA – +2782 452 7527

Ford goes further as GM fails to Speak Up For Safety in India
In the first set of #SaferCarsForIndia results for 2017, Global NCAP has released the scores for crash tests conducted on the Chevrolet Enjoy and the Ford Aspire (Next Gen Figo).

The Chevrolet Enjoy, which is sold without airbags in its basic version, recorded a disappointing zero stars for adult occupant protection with the crash test results showing that due to the lack of airbags and poor structural performance the driver injuries would have been unacceptably high. It also scored 2 stars for rear seat child occupant protection.

The Ford Aspire (Next Gen Figo) however fared much better. The vehicle is fitted with double airbags as standard, and scored three stars for adult occupant protection and 2 stars for child protection.

David Ward, Secretary General of Global NCAP said:

“Ford’s three star result shows that basic levels of safety are achievable as standard in the Indian vehicle market. It is also encouraging to see progress in safety compared to the earlier version of the Figo we tested in 2014.

In contrast, we are extremely concerned about the poor result of the Chevrolet Enjoy. There is nothing to enjoy about a zero star safety score and GM, should be embarrassed that they are selling cars with such inadequate levels of occupant protection to Indian consumers”.

In their 2015 Sustainability Report, Chevrolet’s parent company, General Motors (GM) the company’s Chairman & CEO Mary Barra made a strong commitment that GM will be “an industry leader” in vehicle safety. She also stated that quality and safety for GM “are foundational commitments, never compromised”. Unfortunately, the safety of the Chevrolet Enjoy is clearly compromised and this zero star car proves that Mary Barra’s fine words have not yet translated into action in India.”


Rohit Baluja, President of the Institute of Road Traffic Education said:

“Statistics by the Government of India reveal that speed is the causative factor of deaths of over 64,000 people in road crashes every year and that in 2015 over 63% of the 1,46,000 road crash fatalities occurred on national and state highways. Vehicle manufacturers today should adopt the global philosophy of the “safe systems approach” the thought process of which reflects that even if crashes do occur, road users should not die or get seriously injured. This is particularly important for the Indian scenario.

“In 2014, our first year of Indian testing, the Ford Figo scored zero stars, this year in our fourth year it has scored three. Ford have demonstrated that progress is possible and importantly this progress will save lives in India.

“Other manufacturers too have been catalysed by Safer Cars for India to improve safety for Indian consumers, though sadly some such as GM are yet to step up. I am sure that Bharat NCAP will continue to set out requisite safety norms in accordance with the principles set by the Global NCAP in order to foster improvements in safety for India’s vehicle market.”

Read the full crash test report
Watch the crash test video
Download crash test image

Read the full crash test report
Watch the crash test video
Download crash test image

Q&A: Alejandro Furas, Technical Director of Global NCAP

Will this be the only set of results for 2017?

No, we expect to release further results later in the year.

Where can I get further information on the 2014 Figo test score?

The results are available here:

Why do you refer to the Aspire (Next Gen Figo)?

Global NCAP tested the Ford Aspire which is the sedan version of the Next Gen Figo which is a hatchback. The results can therefore be extended to both the Next Gen Figo and Aspire.

Is the Aspire (Next Gen Figo) being sold in other markets?

The Ford Aspire (Next Gen Figo) resembles the Ford KA sold in Brazil and Europe, however the platform performs differently during testing, so it is not the same car. However the Next Gen Figo is sold as Figo in South Africa.

Does GM produce other zero star cars for India?

This is the first tested as part of Safer Cars for India, however in 2016 Latin NCAP scored zero stars for the Chevrolet Spark GT or Spark Classic for the Mexican market, which is made in India and known as the Chevrolet Beat.

You mention other manufacturers making improvements, who are they?

Tata, has shown improvements with results of the Zest last year. Toyota and Honda have also had good results, VW improved the basic equipment of the Polo offering better safety and most importantly are engaging with Global NCAP to improve.

You said GM produce unsafe cars in other developing markets, do you have any examples?

Latin NCAP have tested several GM cars many of which, such as the Aveo, Agile and Sail have scored zero stars. The overall performance has been so bad in the region that GM placed last of the global car makers in Latin NCAP’s manufacturing ranking table.

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Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP) registered in England and Wales as Company No 07513900 and Charity No. 1141798. Registered Office: 60 Berners Street, London W1T 3JS


Global NCAP 2016 Annual Awards
Recognising outstanding promoters of consumer protection and innovation in vehicle safety
Global NCAP’s Annual Awards recognise outstanding promoters of consumer protection and innovation in vehicle safety.  The winners this year are the UN World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations, Thatcham Research, and consumer champion Ralph Nader.

David Ward, Secretary General of Global NCAP said,

“This year’s Consumer Champion award goes to the UN World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations. The Forum is responsible for the world’s most important vehicle safety standards. It provides all countries with a fast track method to apply regulations that promote crash worthiness and crash avoidance. Crucially also it is an intergovernmental forum that gives a voice of the consumer as new regulations are developed.

“This year’s Individual Achievement Award goes to Ralph Nader whose book ‘Unsafe at Any Speed’ sparked a revolution in vehicle safety just over fifty years ago. His championing of consumer rights and safety lead to the formation of the National Highway Safety Administration and the adoption of standards that have avoided millions of deaths and serious injuries across the United States.”

“This year’s Innovation award goes to Thatcham Research for their work developing test and evaluation procedures for Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB). Rather than surviving a crash it is better not to have one at all. AEB helps to do this and Thatcham has played a leading role in testing the effectiveness of the system. This vital effort is key to building consumer demand for advanced crash avoidance technologies that can deliver significant reductions in death and serious injuries on the world’s roads.”

CONSUMER CHAMPIONS: The World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations in recognition of their role promoting global regulations for vehicle safety in the interests of consumer protection.

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) is the custodian of UN vehicle safety standards and host of the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) . This unique intergovernmental platform of vehicle safety cooperation includes civil society participation giving a voice to independent consumer representatives in its decision-making. WP 29 is responsible for the most important passenger car regulations such as: seat belt anchorages (Reg. 14), safety belts & restraints (Reg. 16), frontal collision Reg. 94, lateral collision Reg. 95, electronic stability control Reg. 13H (GTR 8), pedestrian protection Reg. 127 (GTR 9), and child restraints Reg. 44/129.

The challenge now is to extend this success globally by encouraging more UN Member States to apply these norms and regulations as recommended by the Global Plan for the UN Decade of Action for Road Safety (2011-2020) and the UN General Assembly in a resolution (A/Res/72/260) adopted on 15 April this year which calls on “Member States that have not already done so to consider adopting policies and measures to implement United Nations vehicle safety regulations or equivalent national standards to ensure that all new motor vehicles meet applicable minimum regulations for occupant and other road users’ protection, with seat belts, air bags and active safety systems fitted as standard”.

By amending existing regulations WP29 also responds to new developments and technology that will enhance vehicle safety. Recent example of this are changes to requirements for pedestrian protection and the new child restraint regulations that introduces the ‘i-size’ concept for child seats and increases the stringency of the impact test requirements in order to raise levels of child occupant protection.

The UNECE region, where the application of WP29 regulations is the highest, has the lowest fatality rate per hundred thousand in the world despite many decades of increases in vehicle kilometres driven. This successful performance is attributed to a wide range of factors, however, it is clear that the contribution being made by improved vehicle safety is significant and that WP29 provides a crucial global regulatory framework to promote consumer protection and road injury prevention.

INDIVIDUAL ACHIEVEMENT: Ralph Nader for his contribution to automotive safety and consumer rights.

In 1965 Ralph Nader published ‘Unsafe at Any Speed – The Designed-In Dangers of the American Automobile’. The book exposed the failures of the US car industry to tackle crash worthiness of vehicles and, in particular, highlighted faulty rear suspension of the Chevrolet Corvair that had caused numerous crashes and related law suits. In the face of strong industry opposition, Nader’s book became a best seller and acted as a powerful catalyst for change in automotive safety in the United States and around the world. Established as a champion of consumer rights Nader went on to found a wide variety of organizations, promoting corporate and government accountability including Public Citizen, the Center for Auto Safety.

In response to ‘Unsafe at Any Speed’ the Administration of President Lyndon Johnson in September 1966 passed the National Highway Traffic Safety Act which led to the establishment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). The agency was mandated to set minimum, uniform safety performance standards for all motor vehicles, and to require automakers to notify owners and recall cars containing safety-related defects. NHTSA also subsequently went on to launch the world’s first new car assessment programme in 1978 on the initiative of Joan Claybrook (who won Global NCAP’s Individual Achievement Award in 2012).

A study by the Center for Auto Safety has estimated that the 1966 federal laws, federal agency and general measures they created have avoided 3.5 million auto deaths over the past 50 years . In July this year Ralph Nader was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame . Given the hostility he attracted from the automotive industry this recognition is powerful testimony to his huge contribution to the dramatic improvements in motor vehicle safety that have been achieved over the last fifty years.

INOVATION: Thatcham Research in recognition of its major role in the development of evaluation methodologies for the effectiveness of Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB).

Thatcham Research, is the UK Insurers’ vehicle research centre, and is playing a leading role promoting crash avoidance technologies especially autonomous emergency braking (AEB) .

Collaborating with international partners including the European New Car Assessment Programme and Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Thatcham embarked on a research programme to understand real world crash evidence and define a test and rating procedure to guide AEB system design. The test procedures cover low speed city crashes, predominantly focussed on whiplash injuries, and higher speed inter-urban crashes with moving and braking target vehicles replicating more serious crashes. These tests were always designed with harmonisation in mind and have been adopted in both the UK and German insurance group rating systems and also within European and US safety consumer tests. Thatcham helped define the test configurations and vehicle target, integrating appropriate visual and radar attributes used for evaluating the systems.

Initial AEB applications from 2008 saw systems addressing low speed front-to-rear collisions avoiding up to 20km/h. More recent developments have seen the effective speed range of systems rising up to 60km/h. Recent enhancements have seen the test procedures expanding to include pedestrians and soon cyclist. Thatcham have tested over 120 vehicles so far for both the Insurance Group Rating system and also for the Euro NCAP star rating tests. A significant part of Thatcham’s work has been extolling the benefits of AEB to the media and fleets with regular TV and radio interviews on the subject to increase consumer awareness. Thatcham has partnered with several organisations in the Stop-The-Crash campaigning which has seen public demonstrations at key events.  The analysis of crash rates has shown a very positive real world effect on European crash rates with a 38% overall reduction in front into rear crashes.

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Nissan finally take Zero Star Tsuru out of production following NCAP campaign
On the eve of Global NCAP and Latin NCAP’s Car to Car crash test, Nissan announced that they will take the Zero Star Tsuru out of production in Mexico next May.

Reacting to the announcement David Ward, Global NCAP Secretary General said:

“This is a long overdue decision to cease production of a car that is fundamentally unsafe. Three years ago our partner Latin NCAP crash tested the car and revealed its Zero Star rating. It has taken Nissan too long to recognise that selling sub-standard cars is unacceptable. At last they have responded to the demands of Latin NCAP and Mexican consumers to withdraw the Tsuru from the market.

Car to Car Crash Test:

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), Global NCAP and Latin NCAP hosted a Car to Car crash today at the IIHS headquarters in Virginia, USA.

The test was conducted between the 2016 Nissan Versa, sold in the United States, and the 2015 Nissan Tsuru, sold in Mexico. Both cars are manufactured in Mexico and have been previously tested by the IIHS and Latin NCAP respectively, the Versa obtained a performance of Good (equivalent to 5 Stars) and the Tsuru was rated Zero Stars.

After the test which involved a 50% overlap and a combined closing speed of 80mph (129 km/h), the results graphically highlighted the urgent need for the Nissan Tsuru to be taken out of production.

A driver in the Tsuru would have had high probability of suffering life-threatening injuries, it is likely that the crash would have been fatal, there were no airbags, and the main structures all failed, fatally compromising the survival space.

David Ward, Global NCAP Secretary General added:

“Our first ever Car to Car test clearly shows the importance of minimum crash test regulations. Mexico doesn’t yet apply them and the US has had them for decades. The lack of standards can result in the sale of unsafe cars like the Nissan Tsuru. Across Latin America all countries should apply UN or equivalent safety standards to all new passenger cars, so that there is no future for Zero Star Cars.”

Alejandro Furas, Latin NCAP Secretary General said:

“I believe that Nissan made this announcement as a reaction to our campaign to stop the production of Zero Star Cars in Mexico and across Latin America.

“Our Car to Car crash test demonstrates why these Zero Star cars should be removed from the market immediately. In April this year we published a report showing that the Nissan Tsuru had been involved in more than 4,000 deaths on Mexico’s roads between 2007 and 2012. Even though we welcome Nissan’s announcement, why should at least 15,,000 more units of this potentially life threatening model be sold between now and May? Why has it taken Nissan three years since we first crash tested and gave the Tsuru a Zero Star rating to take this unsafe car out of production?”

Notes to editor:

The Facebook recording of our live broadcast of the event is available here:

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More than 440,000 deaths and serious injuries could be prevented and up to $143 billion saved if basic UN vehicle regulations were applied in major Latin American countries
A new report commissioned by Global NCAP and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) reveals that 40,000 Latin American lives could be saved and 400,000 serious injuries prevented by 2030, if UN vehicle safety regulations were applied by four key countries in the region.

The UK Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) conducted the independent study and its findings are closely aligned with the policy recommendations adopted by the United Nations and consistent with Global NCAP’s recommended ‘Road Map 2020 for Safer Cars’.

The aim of the study was to predict how many car user deaths and injuries could be prevented in four Latin American countries: Argentina, Chile, Mexico and Brazil, by establishing minimum car safety regulations and consumer testing. The major regulations that were considered were United Nations (UN) Regulations No. 14, 16 (seat belts and anchorages), 94 (occupant protection in frontal collision) and 95 (occupant protection in side or lateral collisions).

The study concludes that up to 40,000 car occupant fatalities and 400,000 serious injuries could be prevented between 2016 and 2030, if minimum vehicle safety standards were applied. Economic assessment suggests that these casualty reductions could save up to 143 billion US dollars over the period 2016 to 2030.

David Ward, Global NCAP Secretary General said:

“This report confirms the huge reduction in deaths and serious injuries that can be achieved in Latin America by applying the UN’s minimum crash test standards. It also shows that better regulation will also save at least $143 billion in social costs. That is why we want to see all Latin American applying these UN standards as soon as possible.”

Dalve Soria Alves, IDB Senior Transport Specialist/IDB Coordinator for Road Safety said:

“Some Latin American countries have started the legislative process and are now applying some standards that are similar to the EU and other industrialised regions, but there is still a significant gap between the regulated vehicle safety standards in the industrialised regions and Latin America. In particular, frontal and side impact tests meeting UN Regulations 94 and 95 should be mandated and applied to all new cars sold across the whole Latin American region as soon as practicable.

“This report shows the enormous lifesaving potential of vehicle regulations, the IDB urges all governments across the region to implement them without delay.”

María Fernanda Rodríguez, Latin NCAP President said:

“This report makes the case for the UN regulations to be implemented in the Latin American region. We know manufacturers are capable but unwilling, governments must act now in order to save lives of their citizens who deserve the same levels of protection as North Americans and Europeans.”

Richard Cuerden, TRL Chief Scientist said:

“There is an urgent need to adopt proven, well established and cost effective UN car secondary safety regulations in Latin America. Such vehicle safety standards have been in force in the EU for decades and would prevent the needless deaths and injuries of hundreds of thousands of people. Establishing a more common and equitable protection in the event of a collision, for all car users, regardless of world region, would be a big leap forward in democratising vehicle safety for all.”

Note to editors

A draft copy of TRL’s report the potential for vehicle safety standards to prevent deaths and injuries in Latin America:

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Car to car crash test by IIHS, Global NCAP and Latin NCAP
Nissan Tsuru and Nissan Versa

Global car safety organisations, IIHS, Latin NCAP, and Global NCAP will perform a Car to Car Crash Test, between two popular car models of the same sedan category – one sold in the United States and the other sold in Mexico.


The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), the New Car Assessment Programme for Latin America and the Caribbean (Latin NCAP), Global New Car Assessment Programme (Global NCAP) will host a Car to Car Crash test on 27 October 2016 at the IIHS headquarters in Virginia, USA.

The 2016 Nissan Versa, sold in the United States and rated ‘Good’ by the IIHS, will be crashed into the 2015 Nissan Tsuru, sold in Mexico, rated ‘Zero Stars’ by Latin NCAP, will be crashed into each other with a 50% overlap and a combined closing speed of 80mph (129km/h).

The test will highlight the significant difference in safety standards between these two base line sedan models sold by the same manufacturer in different markets.

A number of experts will be on hand prior and after the crash to explain the procedure and the results.

The test forms part of Global NCAP’s ongoing campaign #NoZeroStarCars, which aims to eliminate zero star cars from the global fleet.


Thursday 27 October, arrival 12.30 US ET, test at 13.30 US ET


Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
988 Dairy Road
Ruckersville, VA 22968


Adrian Lund, President, IIHS
María Fernanda Rodríguez, President Latin NCAP
Alejandro Furas, Secretary General, Latin NCAP
David Ward, Secretary General, Global NCAP
Stephan Brodziak, Vehicle Safety Coordinator, El Poder de Consumidor (Mexico)


Crash test footage and crash test still photographs will be made available shortly after the event.



The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) is an independent, nonprofit scientific and educational organization dedicated to reducing the losses — deaths, injuries and property damage — from crashes on the nation’s roads.


The New Car Assessment Program for Latin America and the Caribbean (Latin NCAP) offers consumers independent and transparent information about the safety levels that car models have in the market. Latin NCAP tests are based in international renowned methodologies, with vehicles awarded with a safety rating between zero and five stars, indicating the protection the cars offer to adult and child occupants.


Global NCAP is an independent UK registered charity serving as the global platform for new car assessment programmes worldwide. Global NCAP has consultative status with the United Nations (ECOSOC), is a member of the United Nations Road Safety Collaboration and the Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety. Global NCAP supports the UN Global Goals and Decade of Action for Road Safety.

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Democtratising Car Safety through Vision Zero
OECD International Transport Forum calls for road safety paradigm shift and endorses Global NCAP roadmap for vehicle safety
A new OECD/ITF report written by a group of more than 30 road safety experts representing 24 countries has backed Global NCAP’s road map for improved vehicle safety.

The OECD/ITF report also recognises the important role of Global NCAP and regional NCAPs in increasing vehicle safety and reducing fataties by encouraging legislative ‘push’ and consumer ‘pull’ in automotive markets across the world.

Launched during a high level road safety seminar held at its headquarters in Paris today (3), the new report titled Zero road deaths and serious injuries: leading a paradigm shift to a safe system found that to significantly reduce road fatalities and serious injuries on a global scale will require more than increasing efforts in implementing traditional road safety measures.

Instead governments must adopt a paradigm shift, taking the UNs road safety related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as an opportunity to fundamentally review their road safety policies in the context of a Safe System approach.

The report includes a clear call to action “Better ways to protect lives and prevent injuries exist in a safe system. The time to act boldy is now. Visionary, strong and sustained leadership is vital” through ten key recommendations:

– Think safe roads, not safer roads
– Provide strong, sustained leadership for the paradigm shift to a Safe System
– Foster a sense of urgency to drive change
– Underpin aspirational goals with concrete operational targets
– Establish shared responsibility for road safety
– Apply a results-focused way of working among road safety stakeholders
– Leverage all parts of a Safe System for greater overall effect and so that if one part fails the other parts will still prevent serious harm
– Use a Safe System to make city traffic safe for vulnerable road users
– Build Safe System capacity in low and middle-income countries to improve road safety in rapidly motorising parts of the world
– Support data collection, analysis and research on road traffic as a Safe System

The report also highlighted the role vehicle safety regulations and consumer information programmes can contribute as part of this paradigm shift. Seen in the context of a Safe System approach, Global NCAP’s roadmap for vehicle safety calls for the combination of stronger consumer information and the universal application of minimum international standards for crash protection and avoidance.

Among Global NCAP’s recommendations are proposals for the mandatory application to all new cars of the United Nation’s regulations for front, side, and pedestrian impact and electronic stability control by 2020 at the latest.

Global NCAP Secretary General, David Ward, a member of the editorial committee and a significant contributor to the report said:

“Global NCAP welcomes and endorses the recommendations of this new report and strongly supports the Safe System paradigm shift the OECD/ITF is now calling on governments to adopt.

“In 2015 from a total of 68 million new cars as many as 25% fail to meet UN minimum safety standards, lacking air bags, anti-lock brakes, or electronic stability control. By 2020 at the latest Global NCAP wants all new cars to meet UN crash test standards with air bags, ABS and ESC fitted as standard. This needs government action to apply UN vehicle safety standards more widely and greater effort to stimulate customer demand for safer motor vehicles.”

Editors Note:

REPORT: OECD/ITF Zero road deaths and serious injuries: leading a paradigm shift to a safe system

REPORT: Democratising Car Safety – Global NCAPs Recommended Vehicle Regulatory RoadMap

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