Joe Messina (December 13, 1928 – April 4, 2022) was an American guitarist. Dubbed the “white brother with soul“, he was one of the most prolific guitarists in Motown Records‘ in-house studio band, the Funk Brothers.
Messina started playing guitar as an adolescent. By his mid-twenties, he was playing in the ABC Television studio band, accompanying such guests as Sonny Stitt, Charlie Parker, Stan Getz, Jack Teagarden, Lee Konitz, Jimmy Giuffre, Pepper Adams, Donald Byrd, Frank Rosolino, and Dizzy Gillespie. Also while at ABC, Messina played on The Soupy Sales Show, alongside guests such as Miles Davis and Charlie Parker.
In 1958, Motown Records founder Berry Gordy recruited Messina for his Hitsville U.S.A. studio musicians group, known as the Funk Brothers. In the 1960s and early 1970s, they recorded the instrumentals for hundreds of Motown hit records. During this time, Messina worked with performers such as Diana Ross & the Supremes, the Temptations, Marvin Gaye, the Four Tops, Stevie Wonder, and Smokey Robinson & the Miracles. Among the many Motown hits Messina played on are “Dancing in the Street“ (Martha & the Vandellas, 1964), “I Can’t Help Myself (Sugar Pie Honey Bunch)” (Four Tops, 1965), and “Your Precious Love” (Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell, 1967). Messina stopped playing guitar for 30 years after Berry Gordy took his Motown operation to Los Angeles in 1972: “I just had no interest”, he said.
Messina was the creator of an alternative music technique known as The Interval Study Method, which uses the chromatic and diatonic scales to create music. He continued to reside in Detroit until his death, where he performed as a jazz musician for a number of years. On March 21, 2013, the Funk Brothers were awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk Of Fame. The Funk Brothers were also the subject of the 2002 documentary Standing in the Shadows of Motown.
- “Joe Messinaartist Mantler”. allmusic.com. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
- “The Funk Brothers – The Motown Backing Band”. news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
- Interviewed for Hitsville Us Eh!, a Canadian documentary film about Motown, released in 2017.
- “Motown’s Funk Brothers get their star”. www.detroitnews.com /. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- Joe Messina, Motown guitarist and a member of the Funk Brothers, has died at age 93, detroitnews.com; accessed April 4, 2022.
- Liner notes of Messina Madness (1993)
- “Messina Is Standing In The Shadows Of Motown – Italian Tribute” (2002) by Danny Wilson